December 19, 2013

CTFS-ForsestGEO: 2013 in Review

2013 was a highly productive year for the CTFS-ForestGEO network and collaborators. This past year has seen the acquisition of 4 new forest plots, the funding of research grants, trainings and many publications by staff scientists, to name a few. Some 2013 highlights include:  

2013 NSF Network Workshop: July-August, Front Royal, Virginia
Diversity and Forest Change: Characterizing functional, phylogenetic and genetic contributions to diversity gradients and dynamics in tree communities

The goal of this National Science Foundation-funded Project was to bring together two existing forest research networks in the US and China to advance understanding of how taxonomic, functional and genetic dimensions of diversity structure tree communities and relate to the resilience of forests to global change. By combining long-term temperate and tropical forest studies across entire tree communities we aim to develop models that incorporate functional and genetic variation among species, to test predictions about current and future changes in forests.

See official blog about the 2013 Workshop

CTFS- ForestGEO represented at The Prince of Wales' meeting in London

In May 2013, CTFS-ForestGEO Director, Stuart Davies, and Senior Staff Scientist and leader of the CTFS-ForestGEO Functional Traits Initiative, Joe Wright, were part of a two-day workshop on "Critical Challenges and Opportunities for Tropical Forest Science" coordinated by Prince Charles’ Charities’ International Sustainability Unit. It was held in London at the Royal Society and St. James’s Palace, Clarence House.

Read Official blog here.

CTFS-ForestGEO Plot count reaches 53 in 23 countries with the addition of three new plots

Zofin: The reserve is a well-preserved remnant of a natural spruce- silver fir-beech forest, situated in the Novohradskehory Mountains on the southern edge of the Czech Republic.

Scotty Creek: This boreal forest is located in the Hay River Lowlands at 61o81 north, west of Yellowknife, and just south of Fort Simpson, in Canada.

Tyson: located ~20 miles from St. Louis, in the relatively understudied Ozark region of the Midwest.

See official blogs for
Zofin, Scotty Creek, and Tyson.
2013 Research Grant Program

The 2013 cycle of the CTFS-ForestGEO Research Grant Program was highly competitive. Approximately 45 interesting and diverse proposals were submitted from all over the globe. Each proposal was read by network scientists, and ranked according to scientific merit, contribution to the network, educational contribution, and status of the Principle Investor (PI) to determine an overall rank.

See official blog list of the awardees here.

2013 CTFS-ForestGEO Publications

Perhaps the most significant result is the volume of work that is being published by network collaborators. Assembling this diverse group of students, post-docs and other researchers is critical to enabling this productivity. Many of the 46 papers published in the past year have been significant. Several have received notable mentions in other journals or science media.
Search Available publications here.

November 26, 2013

2013 Research Grant Program awardees

The 2013 cycle of the CTFS-ForestGEO Research Grant Program was competitive. Approximately 45 interesting and diverse proposals were submitted from all over the globe.  Each proposal was read by network scientists, and ranked according to scientific merit, contribution to the network, educational contribution, and status of the Principle Investor (PI) to determine an overall rank. 10 proposals were selected for funding. Find a summary of each funded proposal below.

Fruit and flower characteristics of 5 dioecious
tree species

Na Wei, a PhD Candidate at the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Michigan, submitted Ecological and genetic consequences of effective seed dispersal in tropical trees. The research will take place at BCI, Panama.

Chris Dahl, a PhD candidate with the University of South Bohemia (USB, Czech Republic), submitted Assemblages of seed-and fruit-feeding insects in tropical rainforests: ecological and phylogenetic comparison. Research will take place at BCI, Panama, Khao Chong, Thailand and Wanang, PNG.

Duncan Kimuyu, a third year PhD candidate at the School of Biological Sciences, University of Nairobi, Kenya, submitted  Factors influencing elephant browsing damage on Acacia drepanolobium trees within the Mpala CTFS-SIGEO plot. Research will take place at Mpala, Kenya.

Gordon McNickel, a Post-Doctoral Fellow at Wilfrid Laurier University, Department of Biology submitted Games in the Boreal Forest: A model for tree allocation to roots, wood and leaves based evolutionary stable strategies. Research will be held at Scotty Creek Forest Dynamic Plot in Canada.  

KC Cushman, an Intern with Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI) submitted Improving Estimates of Biomass Change in Buttressed Trees Using Site-Specific Tree Taper Model. Research will be conducted at Yasuni, Ecuador, Bukit Timah, Singapore, Khao Chong, Thailand and Huai Kha Khaeng, Thailand.

Kang Min Ngo, a research assistant at the National Institute of Singapore submitted What is the loss of large fauna on the dispersal and recruitment of big seeded plan? Research will take place at Bukit Timah, Singapore, Pasoh, Malaysia, Lambir, Malaysia and Khao Chong, Thailand.

Lien Lien, PhD, Director of Programs and Operations - Novell Community Development Solutions submitted Comparative Study of Frugivorous Wildlife Species Contribution to Seed Dispersal between the 50-Ha Korup Forest Dynamic Plot (KFDP) and the 50-Ha Plot within the Korup National Southwest Cameroon. Research will take place at Korup, Cameroon.

Marko Spasojevic, a Postdoc at Washington University in St. Louis, Department of Biology and Tyson Research Center submitted Investigating the influence of regional functional diversity on local community assembly across a temperate biodiversity gradient. Research will be held at Tyson Research Center, MO, SERC, MD and Yosemite, California.

Yosemite Forest Dynamics Plot
Molly Barth, a Master of Science Candidate, Department of Forest Management, College of Forestry and Conservation at The University of Montana submitted Fire history of the Yosemite Forest Dynamics Plot. Research will be held at Yosemite, California.

Ryan McEwan, associate professor, Department of Biology at the University of Dayton submitted Taxonomic diversity, functional diversity, and typhoon impacts shape patterns of carbon storage across the topographically complex subtropical forests of Taiwan. Research will be held at Fushan, Taiwan and Lienhuachih, Taiwan.

For more information on the CTFS-ForestGEO Research Grants Program, visit here.

November 15, 2013

Tyson Research Center Plot joins CTFS-ForestGEO and expands the network to 52 plots worldwide

Victoria Sork and Jonathan next to a a Pignut Hickory
The Tyson Research Center Plot (TRCP) is the latest plot to join the CTFS-ForestGEO network. It is located ~20 miles from St. Louis, in the relatively understudied Ozark region of the Midwest. It is owned and operated by Washington University and consists primarily of an oak-hickory forest.

TRCP has a unique history.  Two ecologists from the University of Missouri-St. Louis—Dr. Victoria Sork and her Masters student Carol Hampe—were leading a charge to establish a temperate-forest counterpart to the BCI plot in a forest at Tyson Research Center, Missouri, USA. Since 1981, the TRCP has been censused three times. In 1981–1982, Carol Hampe and Victoria Sork conducted the first census of the 4-ha plot. The second census was conducted in 1989 following a record drought year in 1988. Data from both censuses were never published.  In 2010–2012 the Principal Investigator, Dr. Jonathan A. Myers, Department of Biology & Tyson Research Center, Washington University, re-established the project and conducted a third census of the original 4 ha, expanded the plot to 12 ha, and organized the data provided by Sork into a standardized database using the CTFS-ForestGEO format. 

The now 20-ha TRCP represents a key component of the long-term research program at Tyson Research Center and is a valuable addition to the networks temperate and tropical research. TRCP has officially been incorporated into the network and will be providing a uniquely long-term (30-year) data set for the Temperate Forest Program of the CTFS-ForestGEO network. 

Read the feature of Tyson's inclusion into the Smithsonian's survey on climate change.

November 7, 2013

Intern Cory Wallace shares his summer experience at Scotty Creek

Cory Wallace was awarded an internship under the supervision of Dr. Stuart Davies to assist in inventorying Scotty Creek Forest Dynamic Plot this past summer. He continues working on Scotty Creek related data, with the intention of continuing his education at the graduate level. Cory is currently working as a research assistant to Dr. Jennifer Baltzer at Wilfrid Laurier University. He received his B.Sc. in Forest Science from the Faculty of Forestry at the University of British Columbia in May of 2013. His research interests focus on understanding the mechanisms behind plant species distributions and plant community composition and structure.

As a requirement of the internship Cory wrote a report about his experience at Scotty Creek:

"Scotty Creek is a land of water. You do not need to spend much time in the discontinuous permafrost peatlands to realize how important water is in shaping everything in the system. The bogs, fens, and lakes that make up large portions of the total surface area are all defined by their relationship with water. There is dry land, but even that is caused by soil water freezing, forming permafrost, and lifting the peat out of the surrounding water. Looking out from the dock at Goose Lake, you get a real sense for the lack of topographic variation in the area. Black spruce (Picea mariana) dominates the permafrost plateaus bordering the lake, making the horizon look like a flat wall of trees. What hills are visible appear to skirt the edge of the lake, despite often being several hundred meters away. One of few exceptions to this is the hill Goose Lake Camp itself is situated upon. A relatively
unique deposit of mineral soil, this small hill rises about four meters above the lake and is home to some of the rare tree species of Scotty Creek, namely jack pine (Pinus banksiana) and trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides).

This hill was my home for one hundred days this summer, starting with a helicopter ride in on May 23rd and ending with a floatplane flight out on September 2nd. It also acted as a base of operations for the primary purpose of my being at Scotty Creek, which was to inventory and map the Scotty Creek forest dynamics plot that is the first boreal plot within the CTFS-ForestGEO network. The goal was to measure the diameter of every tree in the 20.8-hectare plot that was between 1 and 10 centimeters in diameter at 1.3 meters up the stem. The stand density of trees in this size class was quite variable from quadrat to quadrat. Quadrats consisting of large bogs could easily have only one or two trees, while the quadrats dominated by permafrost plateaus could contain thick black spruce forests, occasionally reaching densities up to 550 trees per 400 sq-meter quadrat. Unfortunately, we had not expected this kind of density and by the end of the summer we had finished less than one quarter of the plot.

We ran into a few additional puzzles this summer. Most notable among them was the identification of birch (Betula spp.). We began the summer expecting only three species of birch. These were Betula glandulosa, B. occidentalis, and B. neoalaskana. We later learned that there was likely also B. pumila in the plot and that this looked very similar to what we had been calling a hybrid between B. glandulosa and B. occidentalis. To complicate things further we learned that B. nana hybrids were also possibly present and that all five species hybridized with one another. This confusion led to the creation of a Betula herbarium and corresponding catalogue. With this project we tried to capture as much of the phenotypic variation present in the plot as we could. The next step is for someone with more knowledge of the genus to use this catalogue to assign samples to species. Hopefully this will help the next plot crew be clearer on their identification. A similar catalogue was created for the genus Salix, which also gave us trouble. 

The nights started getting dark in my last few weeks at camp. Finally the birch and the Labrador tea (Rhodedendron groenlandecum) began to change color and mornings became dewy. By this time, camp had begun to slow down and my plot work switched from inventorying trees to collecting roots. Dr. Gord McNickle and I spent a few weeks twisting PVC pipe into the ground to pull up soil cores. This was done evenly across a general productivity gradient that stretches from east to west in the plot. The goal of this work was to get an idea of root density in the plot as well as to study how this density might change with nutrient availability in an ecosystem already starved for nutrients. Attempting to address a similar question, I began work on a project studying how ectomycorrhizal fungal associations change along the same productivity gradient. As the days got colder, I found myself digging through peat attempting to find as many fine roots as possible from small (10- 130 centimeters in height) black spruce and tamarack (Larix laricina) individuals. With all of the samples back in Waterloo, I am now getting a chance to process and morphotype the root tips."


October 18, 2013

New CTFS-ForestGEO article is Editor's Choice in latest edition of "Journal of Ecology"

The Journal of Ecology recently published a CTFS-ForestGEO paper, entitled

Scale-dependent relationships between tree species richness and ecosystem function in forests
The official blog of the journal named the paper Editor’s Choice for the edition.
This is a high profile acknowledgment considering that the CTFS-ForestGEO network was mentioned by name for being the leader in global forest plots. Plots stretch from Latin America and Africa to the Czech Republic and Malaysia. This paper did not focus on any one site, but on different sites around the world that are similar in size.
Find the full article here                    
Authors of the article include: Ryan A. Chisholm, Helene C. Muller-Landau, Kassim Abdul Rahman, Daniel P. Bebber, Yue Bin, Stephanie A. Bohlman, Norman A. Bourg, Joshua Brinks, Sarayudh Bunyavejchewin, Nathalie Butt, Honglin Cao, Min Cao, Dairon C_ardenas, Li-Wan Chang, Jyh-Min Chiang, George Chuyong, Richard Condit, Handanakere S. Dattaraja, Stuart Davies, Alvaro Duque, Christine Fletcher, Nimal Gunatilleke, Savitri Gunatilleke, Zhanqing Hao, Rhett D. Harrison, Robert Howe, Chang-Fu Hsieh, Stephen P. Hubbell, Akira Itoh, David Kenfack, Somboon Kiratiprayoon, Andrew J. Larson, Juyu Lian, Dunmei Lin, Haifeng Liu, James A. Lutz, Keping Ma, Yadvinder Malhi, Sean McMahon, William McShea, Madhava Meegaskumbura, Salim Mohd. Razman, Michael D. Morecroft, Christopher J. Nytch, Alexandre Oliveira, Geoffrey G. Parker, Sandeep Pulla, Ruwan Punchi-Manage, Hugo Romero- Saltos, Weiguo Sang, Jon Schurman, Sheng-Hsin Su, Raman Sukumar, I-Fang Sun, Hebbalalu S. Suresh, Sylvester Tan, Duncan Thomas, Sean Thomas, Jill Thompson, Renato Valencia, Amy Wolf, Sandra Yap, Wanhui Ye, Zuoqiang Yuan and Jess K. Zimmerman


1. The relationship between species richness and ecosystem function, as measured by productivity or biomass, is of long-standing theoretical and practical interest in ecology. This is especially true for forests, which represent a majority of global biomass, productivity and biodiversity.

2. Here, we conduct an analysis of relationships between tree species richness, biomass and productivity in 25forest plots of area 8–50 ha from across the world. The data were collected using standardized protocols, obviating the need to correct for methodological differences that plague many studies on this topic.

3. We found that at very small spatial grains (0.04 ha) species richness was generally positively related to productivity and biomass within plots, with a doubling of species richness corresponding to an average 48% increase in productivity and 53% increase in biomass. At larger spatial grains (0.25 ha, 1 ha), results were mixed, with negative relationships becoming more common. The results were qualitatively similar but much weaker when we controlled for stem density: at the 0.04 ha spatial grain, a doubling of species richness corresponded to a 5% increase in productivity and 7% increase in biomass. Productivity and biomass were themselves almost always positively related at all spatial grains.

4. Synthesis. This is the first cross-site study of the effect of tree species richness on forest biomass and productivity that systematically varies spatial grain within a controlled methodology. The scale-dependent results are consistent with theoretical models in which sampling effects and niche complementarity dominate at small scales, while environmental gradients drive patterns at large scales. Our study shows that the relationship of tree species richness with biomass and productivity changes qualitatively when moving from scales typical of forest surveys (0.04 ha) to slightly larger scales (0.25 and 1 ha). This needs to be recognized in forest conservation policy and management.






August 20, 2013

2013 CTFS-SIGEO Workshop

The 2013 NSF-funded CTFS-SIGEO Workshop was held last month at the Smithsonian Institution's Conservational Biology Institute at Front Royal, VA. It was the third of five annual research workshops over the period 2011 to 2015 focused on "Diversity and Forest Change: Characterizing functional, phylogenetic and genetic contributions to diversity gradients and dynamics in tree communities". The program is co-supported by the Dimensions of Biodiversity Program of the US National Science Foundation (DEB-1046113) and the National Science Foundation of China.

Over 55 scientists from 20 countries worked in small groups to address specific research topics. The focus was on both individual plot analyses and cross-plot comparisons, and included studies of forest carbon dynamics, spatial patterns in species diversity, and forest growth and mortality. The workshop culminated in the presentation of over 40 different research projects on the final day of the workshop. Manuscripts derived from the work are now being prepared.

The gathering of many partners from across the CTFS-SIGEO network also provided an important opportunity to advance current and future collaborations on the science of the world’s forests. While in Virginia, scientists also enjoyed a tour and hike in the forests of the Shenandoah National Park, and a visit to the SCBI 25-hectare plot.

Created with Admarket's flickrSLiDR.

June 6, 2013

Boreal Forests join the CTFS-SIGEO Newtwork as the Global Plot Count Reaches 50.

The Scotty Creek Forest Dynamics Plot is located in the Hay River Lowlands at 61o81 north, west of Yellowknife, and just south of Fort Simpson, in Canada.This is the first plot in boreal forest in the CTFS-SIGEO network, and pushes the total CTFS-SIGEO plot count to 50. The plot is 21 hectares and is located in a remote expanse of pristine boreal peatland, which has been the focus of hydrological research since the late 1990s.

An interesting feature of Scotty Creek is that the site is characterized by discontinuous permafrost which creates habitat heterogeneity across the plot.
The most abundant species is black spruce, and larch. High-density patches of Betula glandulosa(American dwarf birch) reaching measurable size are also frequent in the plot. Other common species include Alaskan paper birch, trembling aspen, white spruce, and alder and several willow species. The most common large mammals include moose, black bear, and woodland caribou.

To learn more, visit

May 16, 2013

CTFS- SIGEO and Smithsonian Institution represented at The Prince of Wales' meeting in London

CTFS-SIGEO Director, Stuart Davies, and Senior Staff Scientist and leader of the CTFS-SIGEO Functional Traits Initiative, Joe Wright, represented the Smithsonian Institution and STRI in a two-day workshop on "Critical Challenges and Opportunities for Tropical Forest Science" coordinated by Prince Charles’ Charities’ International Sustainability Unit. It was held in London at the Royal Society and St. James’s Palace, Clarence House. 

The science group agreed on a memorandum that describes a series of concerns and initiatives required to halt the loss and degradation of tropical forests. This memorandum, the "St James’s Palace Memorandum on Tropical Forest Science", was presented to Prince Charles, senior representatives of Governments, and leaders from civil society and the private sector. Prince Charles is extremely motivated and supportive of this initiative. He has been working for a number of years towards building a strategy on curbing global deforestation.

The meeting culminated in a series of short presentations by Prince Charles, scientists, several representatives of government (UK, US, and Germany), and the business community. Stuart had the opportunity to talk about the mission of CTFS and the value of the large plot network while Joe was able to discuss restoration and conservation with the group. The US Ambassador to the UK, Barbara Stephenson, who had two stints as Ambassador to Panama, spoke very enthusiastically of her introduction to tropical forests at STRI in Panama.

For a link to the Memorandum, click here 

May 9, 2013

CTFS-SIGEO Network Article Published In current volume of PNAS

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS) has published an article in the latest volume, called
Species distributions in response to individual soil nutrients and seasonal drought across a community of tropical trees
written by CTFS- SIGEO researchers Richard Condit, Bettina M. J. Engelbrecht, Delicia Pino, Rolando Pérez, and Benjamin L. Turner
Find full article here.

Find commentary on the article here.

Tropical forest vegetation is shaped by climate and by soil, but understanding how the distributions of individual tree species respond to specific resources has been hindered by high diversity and consequent rarity.
To study species over an entire community, we surveyed trees and measured soil chemistry across climatic and geological gradients in central Panama and then used a unique hierarchical model of species occurrence as a function of rainfall and soil chemistry to circumvent analytical difficulties posed by rare species.

The results are a quantitative assessment of the responses of 550 tree species to eight environmental factors, providing a measure of the importance of each factor across the entire tree community.

Dry-season intensity and soil phosphorus were the strongest predictors, each affecting the distribution of more than half of the species.

Although we anticipated clear-cut responses to dry-season intensity, the finding that many species have pronounced associations with either high or low phosphorus reveals a previously unquantified role for this nutrient in limiting tropical tree distributions.

The results provide the data necessary for understanding distributional limits of tree species and predicting future changes in forest composition.

April 25, 2013

CTFS-SIGEO Research Grants Program 2013

The Research Grants Program of the Center for Tropical Forest Science - Smithsonian Institution Global Earth Observatory (CTFS-SIGEO) supports research associated with the CTFS-SIGEO network of Forest Dynamics Plots.  A new round of research grants will be awarded in 2013. The majority of the CTFS-SIGEO research grants will fall in the $2,000-$15,000 range.

The program is intended to provide opportunities for senior researchers, post-doctoral fellows, and graduate students to utilize existing Forest Dynamics Plots and to conduct research with scientists associated with these plots. Topics can range from working directly in one of the plots, analyzing data, or generating complementary data that strengthens CTFS-SIGEO programs. Funding is restricted to expenses directly related to field research, laboratory research, and data analysis. Examples of eligible expenses include travel, living expenses during fieldwork, supplies, and research assistance. Funds are not available for salary and/or fringe benefits of the applicant, tuition, non-project personnel, or travel to meetings. In addition, the grants program will NOT support indirect costs for institutional support. Priority will be given to early career researchers, researchers with less access to other institutional funds, and to projects that include multiple sites.

The deadline for applications is 15 June, 2013.

For more information, please go to the website: Applications MUST follow grant requirements as outlined at that website.

April 19, 2013

Real-time Monitoring of Forest Phenology at CTFS-SIGEO Sites Initiated

Webcams or ‘Phenocams’ have recently been installed in several CTFS-SIGEO sites to provide real-time monitoring of the dynamics of leaves, flowers and fruits in the forest. Both Barro Colorado Island and Wind River have volunteered to be part of an phenology web camera network, called ‘The PhenoCam Network’. The network provides automated, near-surface remote sensing of canopy phenology captured by a mounted camera.

BCI’s phenocam was installed March 25th and the timing of the installation was excellent. Within days the Tabebuia guayacan trees began to flower. The camera is mounted on a tower in the center of the island, and is pointed down at the canopy. Wind River has two cameras, one is in the understorey and the other is focused on the canopy. Every second, images are updated and available online. A link on the CTFS-SIGEO homepage ( connects directly to the Phenocams.

This is a pilot project. It is hoped that similar cameras will be installed on additional CTFS-SIGEO sites in the future.

Barro Colorado Island canopy

Wind River understorey

Wind River canopy


April 10, 2013

CTFS Publications from April 2012 to April 2013

Chang-Yang, C., Lu, C., Sun, I., and Hsieh, C. 2013. Long-term Seedling Dynamics of Tree Species in a Subtropical Rain Forest, Taiwan . Taiwania, 58:35-43. URL Full Text.

Condit, R., Chisholm, R. A., and Hubbell, S. P. 2012. Thirty years of forest census at Barro Colorado and the Importance of Immigration in maintaining diversity. PLoS ONE, 7:e49826. URL
Full Text.

Condit, R., Engelbrecht, B. M., Pino, D., Pérez, R., and Turner, B. L. 2013. Species distributions in response to individual soil nutrients and seasonal drought across a community of tropical trees. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110:5064-5068. URL
Full Text.

De Cáceres, M., Legendre, P., Valencia, R., Cao, M., Chang, L., Chuyong, G. B., Condit, R., Hao, Z., Hsieh, C., Hubbell, S. P., Kenfack, D., Ma, K., Mi, X., Supardi, M. N. N., Kassim, A. R., Ren, H., Su, S., Sun, I., Thomas, D. W., Ye, W., and He, F. 2012. The variation of tree beta diversity across a global network of forest plots. Global Ecology and Biogeography, :. URL
Full Text.

Detto, M., and Muller-Landau, H. C. 2013. Fitting ecological process models to spatial patterns using scalewise variances and moment equations. The American Naturalist, 181:E68-E82. URL
Full Text.

DunMei, L., JiangShan, L., Mi, X., Haibao, R., and Ma, K. 2012. Spatial variation in community structure of a subtropical evergreen broad-leaved forest: Implications for sampling design. Chinese Science Bulletin, Online:. URL
Full Text.

Gomes, A. C., Andrade, A. C., Barreto Silva, J. S., Brenes-Arguedas, T., Cárdenas López, D., de Freitas, C. C., Lang, C., Oliveira, A. A., Pérez, A., Pérez, R., da Silva, J., Silveira, A. M., Vaz, M. C., Vendrami, J., and Vicentini, A. 2013. Local plant species delimitation in a highly diverse Amazonian forest: do we all see the same species?. Journal of Vegetation Science, 24:70-79. URL
Full Text.

Harrison, R. D., Tan, S., Plotkin, J. B., Slik, F., Davies, S. J., Brenes-Arguedas, T., Itoh, A., and Detto, M. 2013. Consequences of defaunation for a tropical tree community. Ecology Letters, 16:1-8. URL
Full Text.

Inman-Narahari, F., Ostertag, R., Cordell, S., Giardina, C. P., Nelson-Kaula, K., and Sack, L. 2013. Seedling recruitment factors in low-diversity Hawaiian wet forest: towards global comparisons among tropical forests. Ecosphere, 4:art24. URL
Full Text.

Lan Guo, Y., Getzin, S., Wiegand, T., Hu, Y., Zhu, H., Xie, G., and Cao, M. 2012. Spatial distribution and interspecific associations of tree species in a tropical seasonal rain forest of China. PLoS ONE, 7:e46074. URL
Full Text.

Ngo, K. M., Turner, B. L., Muller-Landau, H. C., Davies, S. J., Larjavaara, M., Faizu, N. N., and Lum, S. K. 2013. Carbon stocks in primary and secondary tropical forests in Singapore. Forest Ecology and Management, 296:81-89. URL
Full Text.

Parmentier, I., Dumenil, J., Kuzmina, M., Philippe, M., Thomas, D. W., Kenfack, D., Chuyong, G. B., Cruaud, C., and Hardy, O. J. 2013. How Effective Are DNA Barcodes in the Identification of African Rainforest Trees?. PLoS ONE, 8:e54921. URL
Full Text.

Punchi-Manage, R., Getzin, S., Wiegand, T., Kanagaraj, R., Gunatilleke, C. S., Gunatilleke, I. N., Wiegand, K., and Huth, A. 2013. Effects of topography on structuring local species assemblages in a Sri Lankan mixed dipterocarp forest. Journal of Ecology, 101:149-160. URL
Full Text.

Queenborough, S. A., Metz, M. R., Wiegand, T., and Valencia, R. 2012. Palms, peccaries and perturbations: widespread effects of small-scale disturbance in tropical forests. BMC Biology, 12:3. URL
Full Text.

Ricklefs, R. E., and Renner, S. S. 2012. Global correlations in tropical tree species richness and abundance reject neutrality. Science, 335:464-467. URL
Full Text.

Russo, S. E., Zhang, L., and Tan, S. 2012. Covariation between understorey light environments and soil resources in Bornean mixed dipterocarp rain forest. Journal of Trop, 28:33-44. URL
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Sautu, A., Deago, J., Hall, J. S., Roman, F., and De Liones, R. 2012. Field Guide for the Propagation of 120 Native Tree species from Panama and the Neotropics. Environment Leadership and Training Initiative. URL
Full Text.

Shen, Y., Santiago, L. S., Ma, L., Lin, G., Lian, J., Cao, H., and Ye, W. 2013. Forest dynamics of a subtropical monsoon forest in Dinghushan, China: recruitment, mortality and the pace of community change. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 29:131-145. URL
Full Text.

Swenson, N. G., Stegen, J. C., Davies, S. J., Erickson, D. L., Forero-Montana, J., Hurlbert, A. H., Kress, W. J., Thompson, J., Uriarte, M., Wright, S. J., and Zimmerman, J. K. 2012. Temporal turnover in the composition of tropical tree communities: functional determinism and phylogenetic stochasticity. Ecology, 93:490-499. URL
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Taubert, F., Hartig, F., Dobner, H., and Huth, A. 2013. On the Challenge of Fitting Tree Size Distributions in Ecology. PLoS ONE , 8:e58036. URL
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Townsend, A. R., and Asner, G. P. 2013. Multiple dimensions of resource limitation in tropical forests. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110:4864-4865. URL
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Wiegand, T., Huth, A., Getzin, S., Wang, X., Hao, Z., Gunatilleke, C. S., and Gunatilleke, I. N. 2012. Testing the independent species arrangement assertion made by theories of stochastic geometry of biodiversity. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 279:3312-3320. URL
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Van Breugel, M., Van Bruegel, P., Jansen, P. A., Martinez-Ramos, M., and Bongers, F. 2012. The relative importance of above- versus belowground competition for tree growth during early succession of a tropical moist. Plant Ecology, 213:25-34. URL
Full Text.